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Effects of gas-wall interactions on measurements of semivolatile compounds and small polar molecules Public Deposited

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https://scholar.colorado.edu/concern/articles/6w924d061
Abstract
  • Recent work has quantified the delay times in measurements of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) caused by the partitioning between the gas phase and the surfaces of the inlet tubing and instrument itself. In this study we quantify wall partitioning effects on time responses and transmission of multifunctional, semivolatile, and intermediate-volatility organic compounds (S/IVOCs) with saturation concentrations ( C∗ ) between 10 0 and 10 4   µg m−3 . The instrument delays of several chemical ionization mass spectrometer (CIMS) instruments increase with decreasing C∗ , ranging from seconds to tens of minutes, except for the NO 3 - <svg:svg xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="25pt" height="16pt" class="svg-formula" dspmath="mathimg" md5hash="a33a7d42b70ca1fe513ac92c5832eec2"><svg:image xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="amt-12-3137-2019-ie00001.svg" width="25pt" height="16pt" src="amt-12-3137-2019-ie00001.png"/></svg:svg> CIMS where it is always on the order of seconds. Six different tubing materials were tested. Teflon, including PFA, FEP, and conductive PFA, performs better than metals and Nafion in terms of both delay time and transmission efficiency. Analogous to instrument responses, tubing delays increase as C∗ decreases, from less than a minute to >100   min . The delays caused by Teflon tubing vs.  C∗ can be modeled using the simple chromatography model of Pagonis et al. (2017). The model can be used to estimate the equivalent absorbing mass concentration ( Cw ) of each material, and to estimate delays under different flow rates and tubing dimensions. We also include time delay measurements from a series of small polar organic and inorganic analytes in PFA tubing measured by CIMS. Small polar molecules behave differently than larger organic ones, with their delays being predicted by their Henry's law constants instead of their C∗ , suggesting the dominance of partitioning to small amounts of water on sampling surfaces as a result of their polarity and acidity properties. PFA tubing has the best performance for gas-only sampling, while conductive PFA appears very promising for sampling S/IVOCs and particles simultaneously. The observed delays and low transmission both affect the quality of gas quantification, especially when no direct calibration is available. Improvements in sampling and instrument response are needed for fast atmospheric measurements of a wide range of S/IVOCs (e.g., by aircraft or for eddy covariance). These methods and results are also useful for more general characterization of surface–gas interactions.

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Date Issued
  • 2019-06-13
Academic Affiliation
Journal Title
Journal Issue/Number
  • 6
Journal Volume
  • 12
Last Modified
  • 2020-05-28
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DOI
ISSN
  • 1867-8548
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