Change is Where You Make It: Constructs in Astrophysics and Metaphysics in the Jazz Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s

Document Type

Working Paper

Publication Date



There are numerous writings focusing on the relationship between free jazz and the civil rights movement in America. There is little literature, however, addressing how many American jazz artists focused their creative endeavors on spiritual or afrofuturist constructs to present a different solution to the racial turmoil of the era. This research examines the works of three significant musicians associated with free jazz – Sun Ra, Anthony Braxton and John Coltrane - and explores how they incorporate metaphysical and astrophysical approaches to present to their audiences a new perspective on how they might better understand the social instability of their time.

This document is currently not available here.