Frontiers in Psychology
Growing evidence supports the concept of a “cognitive profile” (Jansen et al., 2015) of obesity, a set of interrelated cognitive patterns, largely influenced by executive functioning, that may underlie obesogenic behaviors, especially in contemporary environments, which are saturated with food cues. These cognitive deficits include attentional biases toward food (Castellanos et al., 2009; Yokum et al., 2011) and discounting of future rewards (Weller et al., 2008). A greater understanding of these cognitive patterns may aid the development of more effective behavioral interventions for obesity, whether through training to minimize cognitive biases, designing interventions to sidestep the effect that these cognitive patterns may have on behavior, or even harnessing biases to drive more adaptive behaviors.
Gardiner, Casey K; Karoly, Hollis C; and Bryan, Angela D, "Commentary: Differential associations between obesity and behavioral measures of impulsivity." (2016). Psychology and Neuroscience Faculty Contributions. 3.