Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2016

Publication Title

Frontiers in Psychology

ISSN

1664-1078

Volume

7

First Page

472

Last Page

472

DOI

https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00472

PubMed ID

27092092

Abstract

This study examines cultural differences in ordinary dishonesty between Italy and Sweden, two countries with different reputations for trustworthiness and probity. Exploiting a set of cross-cultural tax compliance experiments, we find that the average level of tax evasion (as a measure of ordinary dishonesty) does not differ significantly between Swedes and Italians. However, we also uncover differences in national "styles" of dishonesty. Specifically, while Swedes are more likely to be either completely honest or completely dishonest in their fiscal declarations, Italians are more prone to fudging (i.e., cheating by a small amount). We discuss the implications of these findings for the evolution and enforcement of honesty norms.

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