Date of Award

Spring 2-28-2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

First Advisor

Angelo J. Mascarenhas

Second Advisor

Daniel Dessau

Third Advisor

Charles Rogers

Fourth Advisor

Juliet Gopinath

Fifth Advisor

Bart Van Zeghbroeck


Inorganic semiconductors provide an astonishingly versatile, robust, and efficient platform for optoelectronic energy conversion devices. However, conventional alloys and growth regimes face materials challenges that restrict the full potential of these devices. Novel alloy designs based on isoelectronic co-doping, metamorphic growth and controllable atomic ordering offer new pathways to practical and ultra-high-efficiency optoelectronic devices including solar cells and light-emitting diodes.

Abnormal isoelectronic alloys of GaP1-xBix, GaP1-x-yBixNy, and GaAs1-xBix with unprecedented bismuth incorporation fractions and crystalline quality are explored in this thesis research. Comparative studies of several GaP1-xBix and GaP1-x-yBixNy alloys demonstrate that the site-specific incorporation of bismuth during epitaxial growth is sensitive to growth temperature and has dramatic effects on carrier transfer processes in these alloys. Additionally, distinctive bismuth-related localized states are spectrally identified for the first time in samples of GaAs1-xBix grown by laser-assisted epitaxial growth. These results address fundamental questions about the nature of bismuth-bismuth inter-impurity interactions.

Finally, a metamorphic growth strategy for a novel light-emitting diode (LED) design is also discussed. This work utilized direct-bandgap AlxIn1-xP active layers with atomic ordering-based electron confinement to improve emission in the yellow and green spectral regions, where incumbent technologies are least effective, and demonstrated the feasibility of non-lattice-matched LED active materials for visible light emission.