Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2018

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

First Advisor

Dana Z. Anderson

Second Advisor

James K. Thompson

Third Advisor

Murray Holland

Fourth Advisor

John E. Kitching

Fifth Advisor

Kelvin Wagner

Abstract

Since the first demonstrations in 1991, atom interferometry has been a burgeoning field of research. The work done in this field is motivated by the potential sensitivity improvements that atom-based devices can have over the current state-of-the-art light- and MEMS-based devices. This dissertation presents a new and unique approach to atom interferometry in that we perform the basic interferometric sequence of splitting, propagation, reflection, reverse-propagation, and recombination with atoms trapped in a phase-modulated (shaken) optical lattice. In both simulation and experiment we demonstrate a one-dimensional shaken lattice interferometer configured as an accelerometer. The interferometry sequence is developed through the use of learning and optimal control algorithms that allow us to implement the desired state-to-state transformations and perform the desired operations, e.g. splitting and recombination of the atoms trapped in the lattice. This device has a sensitivity that scales as the square of the interrogation time and an ability to distinguish both the magnitude and sign of an applied acceleration signal. Furthermore we show that we can tailor the transfer function of the interferometer to be sensitive to a signal of interest, e.g. an AC signal of a given frequency. Finally, we explore the analytics of shaken lattice interferometry and offer some suggestions as to the future of this new technology.

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