Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

David J. Wineland

Second Advisor

Emanuel Knill

Third Advisor

Ana Maria Rey

Fourth Advisor

Jun Ye

Fifth Advisor

Eric Cornell


Quantum entangling logic gates are key ingredients for the implementation of a quantum information processing device. In this thesis, we focus on experimental implementations of three types of entangling geometric-phase gates with trapped ions, which rely on the effective spin-spin interactions generated with state-dependent forces. First, a mixed-species entangling gate is demonstrated using a beryllium and a magnesium ion to create a Bell state with a fidelity of 0.979(1). Combined with single-qubit gates, we use this mixed-species gate to implement controlled-NOT and SWAP gates. Second, we implement a high-fidelity universal gate set with beryllium ions. Single-qubit gates with error per gate of 3.8(1)x10-5 are achieved. By creating a Bell state with a deterministic two-qubit entangling gate, we deduce a gate error as low as 8(4)x10-4. Third, a novel two-qubit entangling gate with dynamical decoupling built-in is demonstrated with a fidelity of 0.974(4). This gate is robust against qubit dephasing errors and offers simplifications in experimental implementation compared to some other gates with trapped ions. Errors in the above implementations are evaluated and methods to further reduce imperfections are discussed. In a separate experiment, correlated measurements made on pairs of ions violate a "chained" Bell inequality obeyed by any local-realistic theory. The lowest chained Bell inequality parameter determined from our measurements is 0.296(12), this value is significantly lower than 0.586, the minimum value derived from a perfect Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Horne (CHSH) Bell inequality experiment. Furthermore, our CHSH Bell inequality results provide a device-independent certification of the deterministically created Bell states.