Physical Review Letters
We report on the observation of controllable phase separation in a dual-species Bose-Einstein condensate with 85Rb and 87Rb. Interatomic interactions between the different components determine the miscibility of the two quantum fluids. In our experiments, we can clearly observe immiscible behavior via a dramatic spatial separation of the two species. Furthermore, a magnetic-field Feshbach resonance is used to change them between miscible and immiscible by tuning the 85Rb scattering length. The spatial density pattern of the immiscible quantum fluids exhibits complex alternating-domain structures that are uncharacteristic of its stationary ground state.
Papp, S. B.; Pino, J. M.; and Wieman, Carl E., "Studying a Dual-Species BEC with Tunable Interactions" (2008). Physics Faculty Contributions. 40.