Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2019

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

First Advisor

Graeme Forbes

Second Advisor

Raul Saucedo

Third Advisor

Robert Rupert


The history of two-dimensional semantics emanates from historical issues surrounding Kripke’s notion of rigidity. In this paper, I recreate the debate between Kripke, Dummett and Evans to arrive at early formulations of two-dimensional semantics by Lewis, Kaplan, and Stanley. In so doing, I argue that the semantic content and the assertoric content of a sentence are not identical. In the second section, I show that current advocates for two-dimensionalism (Rabern, Stojnić, Ninan) can (i) maintain that both the assertoric and semantic content of a sentence are propositions and (ii) that the semantics determine the assertoric content. The paper ends with a forward looking approach to applications of two-dimensional semantics.

Available for download on Thursday, December 05, 2019

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