Retaining students in grade and using proficiency standards to determine students’ progress through grades was intended to make schools accountable and increase academic achievement; however research evidence demonstrates that grade retention does not, in fact, improve achievement.
Resources related to this item
Smith, M. L. (2004). Retaining Students in Grade: Consequences for Florida. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved [date] from https://scholar.colorado.edu/nepc/408
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.