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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics









Haze has been severely affecting the densely populated areas in China recently. While many of the efforts have been devoted to investigating the impact of local anthropogenic emission, limited attention has been paid to the contribution from long-range transport. In this study, we apply simulations from six participating models supplied through the Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution phase 2 (HTAP2) exercise to investigate the long-range transport impact of Europe (EUR) and Russia–Belarus–Ukraine (RBU) on the surface air quality in eastern Asia (EAS), with special focus on their contributions during the haze episodes in China. The impact of 20 % anthropogenic emission perturbation from the source region is extrapolated by a factor of 5 to estimate the full impact. We find that the full impacts from EUR and RBU are 0.99 µg m−3 (3.1 %) and 1.32 µg m−3 (4.1 %) during haze episodes, while the annual averaged full impacts are only 0.35 µg m−3 (1.7 %) and 0.53 µg m−3 (2.6 %). By estimating the aerosol response within and above the planetary boundary layer (PBL), we find that long-range transport from EUR within the PBL contributes to 22–38 % of the total column density of aerosol response in EAS. Comparison with the HTAP phase 1 (HTAP1) assessment reveals that from 2000 to 2010, the long-range transport from Europe to eastern Asia has decreased significantly by a factor of 2–10 for surface aerosol mass concentration due to the simultaneous emission reduction in source regions and emission increase in the receptor region. We also find the long-range transport from the Europe and RBU regions increases the number of haze events in China by 0.15 % and 0.11 %, and the North China Plain and southeastern China has 1–3 extra haze days (<3  %). This study is the first investigation into the contribution of long-range transport to haze in China with multi-model experiments.


Xinyi Dong1, Joshua S. Fu1, Qingzhao Zhu1, Jian Sun1, Jiani Tan1, Terry Keating2, Takashi Sekiya3, Kengo Sudo3, Louisa Emmons4, Simone Tilmes4, Jan Eiof Jonson5, Michael Schulz5, Huisheng Bian6, Mian Chin7, Yanko Davila8, Daven Henze8, Toshihiko Takemura9, Anna Maria Katarina Benedictow5, and Kan Huang1,10

1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA
2Environmental Protection Agency, Applied Science and Education Division, National Center for Environmental Research, Office of Research and Development, Headquarters, Federal Triangle, Washington, DC 20460, USA
3Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
4Atmospheric Chemistry Observations and Modeling Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA
5Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway
6Goddard Earth Sciences and Technology Center, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA
7Earth Sciences Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
8Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
9Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
10Center for Atmospheric Chemistry Study, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.