Title

Microstructure and microchemistry of flash sintered K 0.5Na 0.5NbO 3

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-30-2016

Publication Title

Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan

ISSN

1348-6535

DOI

https://doi.org/10.2109/jcersj2.15290

Abstract

In this paper, flash sintering experiments were performed, for the first time, on sodium potassium niobate (KNN) ceramics. A theoretical density of 94% was achieved in 30 s under 250 V/cm electric-field at 990°C. These conditions are ~100°C lower and faster than the conventional sintering conditions. Grains tended to grow after 30 s. flash sintering duration under constant electric-field. Detailed microstructural and chemical investigations of the sample showed that there was inhomogenous Na, K distribution and it resembles a core–shell structure where K is more in the shell and Na is more in the core region. The inhomogenous distribution of Na and K was correlated with the doubling of the unit cell within the grain along 002 direction. Compositional equilibrium is achieved after a heat treatment at 1000°C for 4 h. Finally, the compositional variations appeared to have been linked to grain boundary melting during flash and consequent recrystallization as the sample cooled.

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