Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-11-2019

Publication Title

polymers

ISSN

2073-4360

Volume

11

Issue

2

DOI

10.3390/polym11020299

Abstract

The ability of a natural ice-binding protein from Shewanella frigidimarina (SfIBP) to inhibit ice crystal growth in highly alkaline solutions with increasing pH and ionic strength was investigated in this work. The purity of isolated SfIBP was first confirmed via sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and size-exclusion chromatography with an ultraviolet detector (SEC-UV). Protein stability was evaluated in the alkaline solutions using circular dichroism spectroscopy, SEC-UV, and SDS-PAGE. SfIBP ice recrystallization inhibition (IRI) activity, a measure of ice crystal growth inhibition, was assessed using a modified splat assay. Statistical analysis of results substantiated that, despite partial denaturation and misfolding, SfIBP limited ice crystal growth in alkaline solutions (pH ≤ 12.7) with ionic strength I ≤ 0.05 mol/L, but did not exhibit IRI activity in alkaline solutions where pH ≥ 13.2 and I ≥ 0.16 mol/L. IRI activity of SfIBP in solutions with pH ≤ 12.7 and I ≤ 0.05 mol/L demonstrated up to ≈ 66% reduction in ice crystal size compared to neat solutions.

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