Journal of Government Information
This article traces the history of the enumeration of American Indians by the U.S. Census Bureau and its predecessors. It considers the social and political background of the census and the reasons that Native Americans were not counted by the census until 1890. It also examines the changes in the enumeration and definition of Native Americans—key concepts needed to provide effective reference service for users of Census Bureau data.
Jobe, Margaret M., "Native Americans and the U. S. Census: A Brief Historical Survey" (2004). University Libraries Faculty & Staff Contributions. 28.