JOURNAL OF SPACE WEATHER AND SPACE CLIMATE
The Sun is Earth's primary source of energy. In this paper, we compare the magnitude of the Sun to all other external (to the atmosphere) energy sources. These external sources were previously identified in Sellers (1965); here, we quantify and update them. These external sources provide a total energy to the Earth that is more than 3700 times smaller than that provided by the Sun, a vast majority of which is provided by heat from the Earth's interior. After accounting for the fact that 71% of incident solar radiation is deposited into the earth system, the Sun provides a total energy to Earth that is still more than 2600 times larger than the sum of all other external sources.
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Kren, Andrew C.; Pilewskie, Peter; and Coddington, Odele M, "Where does Earth's atmosphere get its energy?" (2017). Laboratory for Atmospheric & Space Physics Faculty Contributions. 11.