Undergraduate Honors Theses

Thesis Defended

Spring 2015

Document Type


Type of Thesis

Departmental Honors



First Advisor

Sarah A. James

Second Advisor

Catherine M. Cameron

Third Advisor

Elspeth Dusinberre


This thesis examines the role of Argos in the Argolid during the Iron Age (1050-700 BC) to determine the validity of the assumption that Argos had hegemony in the Argolid Plain in the 8th century BC. Several ancient authors claimed that Argos controlled a vast empire in the region by the late 8th century BC. Many modern scholars have taken these ancient accounts, along with archaeological evidence for the destruction of Asine and the establishment of the Argive Heraion in the 8th century BC, as proof of such an Argive Empire. Using evidence from burials, settlement patterns, inscriptions, sanctuaries and pottery, I will show that Argos did not in fact control other settlements in the Argive Plain in the 8th century BC. Instead, the 8th-century Argolid can be characterized a series of politically independent settlements with close cultural ties.