Type of Thesis
Dr. Krister Andersson
Dr. Jessica Martin
Dr. Victoria Hunter
Adequate access to water and sanitation services (WSS) is a fundamental component of human development and has hugely positive effects on health, education, economic productivity, gender equity, and regional stability. Achieving universal access to WSS in a sustainable manner is not only a focus of the UN Millennium Development Goals framework, but it is also a key priority for the entire globe. This paper utilizes qualitative case studies of Pakistan and India to reveal how properly channeling political will is a crucial element to improving the implementation of public service delivery for WSS. Currently, both countries exhibit huge theory-practice gaps, resulting in an inability to provide adequate WSS. The findings illuminate the necessity for a commitment at all levels of the government to revamping existing WSS schemes, as well as to take a multi-stakeholder approach that is both demand-driven and community-led. Combining national planning, user ownership, and cross-sectoral collaboration is the best way to implement a new WSS framework in the current development environment. Furthermore, governments should seek to create a system that both incentivizes and enables beneficiaries and mobilizes political will for all actors (governmental and non-governmental) involved in WSS provision.
Landreth, Sarah, "Achieving Universal Access to Water and Sanitation Services: The Role of Political Will in Implementation Practices, a Study of Pakistan and India" (2015). Undergraduate Honors Theses. 928.
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