Type of Thesis
This paper examines the manner in which moral theory ought to be conducted. It focuses on three questions of ethical theory: (1) Why do we conduct moral theory; (2) How ought moral theory be grounded and explored; (3) What is morally good. While many people concern their moral investigations primarily with the third question, I argue that this question of the morally good cannot be satisfactorily answered until the motivational why and methodological how questions are thoroughly examined. To frame this argument, I examine how two famous philosophers, David Hume and Immanuel Kant, answer questions (1) and (2). Based on their answers, I examine a potential problem arising from the question of the morally good, and explore a potential answer to this problem by way of Adam Smith’s moral theory. My proposed answers to these moral questions seek to avoid their potential circularity and promote moral philosophy as a practical science.
Leonard, Russell S., "The Three Moral Questions" (2019). Undergraduate Honors Theses. 2020.