Undergraduate Honors Theses

Thesis Defended

Spring 2019

Document Type


Type of Thesis

Departmental Honors



First Advisor

Laura Winkiel

Second Advisor

Karen Jacobs

Third Advisor

Janice Ho

Fourth Advisor

Garrett Bredeson


My thesis has provided an analysis of the ways in which Joseph Conrad in The Secret Agent and George Orwell in Burmese Days portray masculinity in their novels. My mission has been to prove the following statement: The new, modern masculinity is a masculine identity that arises in modernist literature as a product of an evolving British society; it is distinct from stereotypical masculinity, yet stereotypical masculinity does not allow for the two to coexist. My analysis explains that stereotypical masculinity does not allow the new, modern masculinity to coexist with it because the presence of the new, modern masculinity permits men to adopt bodies and mannerisms that lead to the exasperation of societal factors that weaken stereotypical masculinity.