Undergraduate Honors Theses

Thesis Defended

Spring 2019

Document Type


Type of Thesis

Departmental Honors



First Advisor

Heather Demarest

Second Advisor

Allan Franklin

Third Advisor

Dominic Bailey


The universe appears to be fine-tuned for human life, which leads some to conclude that the universe must have been created for us. The Anthropic Principle is an attempt to dispel that argument, by stating that humans could only exist in a fine-tuned world and thus that it is not surprising that our world is (and seems to be) fine-tuned. I argue that to dispel the most surprising fine-tuning coincidences–those regarding the physical makeup of the universe–the Anthropic Principle requires that there be multiple universes, each with different physical characteristics. I further argue that some modern scientific hypotheses relating to quantum mechanics and cosmology, if true, provide evidence for a multiverse with differing universes, which would allow the denial of the fine-tuning argument with the Anthropic Principle.