Type of Thesis
Daniel Kaffine, PhD, Department of Economics
Terra McKinnish, PhD, Department of Economics
Matthew Burgess, PhD, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences
This paper works to predict the marginal magnitude of mitigated nitrogen oxides pollution in the wake of the Transport for London’s electrified 507 and 521 bus routes. The study examines London Air’s atmospheric inventory across roadside and urban background monitoring sites throughout central London. The paper models panel data with individual and time fixed effects to theoretically predict the degree of an unambiguous decrease in public transport air pollution neighboring the Waterloo and London Bridge. Through difference in difference design, the paper uses a variety of hourly air monitoring controls and time fixed effects between January 2015 and September 2018 to analyze and fix average changes in local trends of nitrogen oxides, with respect to the rollout dates of the 26 electric buses onto route 521, where average hourly NO2 and NOx concentrations during hours of operation were reduced during the treatment period. The study concludes that an electric bus fleet conversion, weather observations, and hourly parameters help to explain local, urban reductions in noxious pollution levels, but in this case, the mitigative magnitude remains uncertain. The paper supports public authorities to enact numerous, comprehensive enforcements on traffic-level sources of noxious pollution, each yielding an effect, to perform cumulatively to create important environmental and public benefits.
Schmidt, Jacob, "Public Transport Shocks: Locally Internalized Nitrogen Dioxide & Oxide Mitigation following the Electrification of Central London’s Busiest Bus Fleet" (2018). Undergraduate Honors Theses. 1763.