Undergraduate Honors Theses

Thesis Defended

Spring 2018

Document Type

Thesis

Type of Thesis

Departmental Honors

Department

Environmental Studies

First Advisor

Krister Andersson

Second Advisor

Atreyee Bhattacharya

Third Advisor

Dale Miller

Abstract

The Sangamner region of western India is a developing economy that is expected to experience serious societal consequences due to 21st century anthropogenic climate change. Environmental stress is expected to have major impacts on the industry upon which this society is based: agriculture. In order to understand the impacts of climate change on the region, this thesis reviewed the past climate variability by combining the data collected from institutional and natural archives covering the years 1831-1889. The institutional archives, although less accurate than modern instrumental data, mainly focused on the harsh environmental conditions that occur in the region. This data showed a correlation between natural disasters — such as drought, famine and flood — and years with less than average precipitation. The natural archive data was then graphed against available instrumental data of temperature and precipitation during the period 1901-2003. This showed a gradually increasing temperature trend as well as a pattern of high variability in precipitation with no clear trend. In order to mitigate the impacts of climate change in Sangamner, the society should focus on preparedness for natural disasters that may occur in the future, implementing sustainable agricultural practices in the short-term, and moving entirely away from the agricultural industry in the long-term.

Share

COinS