Undergraduate Honors Theses

Thesis Defended

Spring 2018

Document Type


Type of Thesis

Departmental Honors


Political Science

First Advisor

Carew Boulding

Second Advisor

Jennifer Fitzgerald

Third Advisor

Robert Buffington


Reading Mexico’s recently established figure of independent candidates (ICs) in 2014 as an expansion of democratic political rights, I develop a typology of ICs to executive office that illustrates the differentiated access to political rights within a wider context of civic stratification. I argue this electoral mechanism has benefited particular social groups with more economic resources and political capital, and not the average citizen it was purported to benefit. My findings present six main categories of ICs: citizens/activists, entrepreneurs, politicians, bureaucrats, media figures, and oficialistas.