Undergraduate Honors Theses

Thesis Defended

Spring 2017

Document Type


Type of Thesis

Departmental Honors



First Advisor

Mara J. Goldman

Second Advisor

William Travis

Third Advisor

Robert Buffington


After the Brazilian dictatorship was toppled, activists exerted a tremendous amount of effort to create a constitution to support human rights. LGBT activists since then have worked toward increasingly inclusive legislation that applied to the many and multiple expressions of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transsexual, and travesti ways of life. Brazil has a strong reputation as a "gay tourist" destination, and a place with the largest LGBT+ Pride Parades in the world. Paradoxically, in the last few years especially, LGBTT+ homicides have risen at an alarming rate. Many activists are calling for the implementation of hate crime legislation along with other rights-based movements to combat the rise in violence. This thesis challenges the usefulness of that goal, when there are many forces which contribute to or compound the violence against LGBTT+ citizens.