Type of Thesis
In a time of increasingly secularized criticism of literary works as a whole, this project attempts to reevaluate the place of theology in Scottish literature by means of religious history. Theological threads in Scottish text are traced back to 14th century theologian and Christian reformer John Wyclif. His radical philosophy is traced through the work of Chaucer and his other contemporaries, and the traditional understanding of his work and following as an isolated movement is rejected. Instead, Wyclif and his followers, the Lollards, are presented as a strong force for religious reform that remained prominent both in Scotland and on the European continent years after Wyclif’s death. The possibility of overlap in John Calvin’s reformist Geneva between Wycliffite texts, Lollards, and John Calvin himself is taken as an indication that Calvin may have been intimately familiar with Wyclif’s work. An examination of Calvin’s theological tracts bolsters this claim. When John Knox returned to Scotland from Calvin’s Geneva to reform the Scottish Kirk, he did so with Calvin’s — and by extension Wyclif’s — work in mind. Two popular Scottish texts, one from between today and the Reformation and one from just a decade ago, are analyzed in terms of the theological threads that are derived from Wyclif’s work. Calvinism is thereby not only asserted to be a dominant thematic mode in Scottish literature, but the very theological foundations of Calvinism emerge as essential theological concepts, deeply influential to Scottish literature and Scottish religious identity for centuries. Beyond its critical intervention in Scottish literary studies, this project demands that Wyclif be taken seriously as not just a theologian, but as a philosopher and cultural figurehead.
Cohen, Michael, "The Saint, the Sinner, and the Scot: Wycliffite Philosophy & Scottish Literature, 14th Century to the Present" (2017). Undergraduate Honors Theses. 1316.
Christian Denominations and Sects Commons, Christianity Commons, Comparative Methodologies and Theories Commons, History of Christianity Commons, Literature in English, British Isles Commons, Medieval Studies Commons, Other Philosophy Commons, Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion Commons