Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Seth E. Spielman
Segregation has been the subject of extensive study in the U.S., yet we know relatively little about its change from one generation to the next and how closely individual characteristics align with the neighborhood, especially in periods of neighborhood change. Segregation theories, including spatial assimilation and place stratification, have mostly been analyzed through ecological data or intragenerational analysis, making their applicability across generations less certain. In this study, I use a neighborhood classification technique to establish racial, socioeconomic status, and age segregation conditions in 1970-2010 for census tracts inside of metropolitan and micropolitan areas. I use transition matrices and sequence analysis to assess neighborhood segregation stability and change and observe the degree to which individuals follow the neighborhood trends, including across generations. I also explore characteristics in six metropolitan areas to observe the degree of homogeneity or heterogeneity in neighborhood segregation change in places with differing contextual histories. A neighborhood cluster analysis produced a typology of neighborhoods that was related to segregation theories once stability and change were considered. Considerable support for market-led pluralism, dynamic diversity, and segmented assimilation was found for neighborhoods, and this theoretical support carried over to the characteristics of individuals living in the neighborhoods. Metropolitan areas varied considerably in their neighborhood change.
Bredemeyer, William Rawson, "Racial, Socioeconomic Status, and Age Distribution Over Time in the U.S.: Trajectories of Neighborhood Segregation in 1970-2010" (2017). Geography Graduate Theses & Dissertations. 114.