Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
This study examined a cross-age peer mentoring program and the ways in which it may serve as a counter-social group to adolescent gang involvement. Two theoretical orientations, a risk factor approach and primary socialization theory, framed this study. The sample targeted three mentoring pairs for three different mentoring relationship quality categories: high, medium, and low. The quality level of the mentoring relationships were determined by the presence and/or absence of positive and negative internal and external indicators. Five methods of data collection were used in this study: (1) observation and audio recording of the enacted mentoring relationships; (2) interviewing participants; (3) surveying participants; (4) collection of school performance data; and (5) collection of program artifacts. Findings indicated that the different quality levels of the mentoring relationships resulted in different communication patterns, engagement strategies, and participation levels.
Smith, Jonnathan Edward, "A Look into the Cross-Age Peer Mentoring Process and its Effects on the Individual" (2012). School of Education Graduate Theses & Dissertations. 24.