Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2011

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Economics

First Advisor

Terra G. McKinnish

Second Advisor

Jeffrey S. Zax

Third Advisor

Francisca M. Antman

Abstract

Full-time working couples are more likely to face the co-location issue than other couples. Co-location conflicts could affect migration decisions, labor market choices, and ultimately, marital stability. This dissertation studies how occupation mobility (or occupation migration rate) affects these outcomes for full-time working couples in the United States. Having some probability of relocating one's job in the future can create a locational conflict between spouses if the other spouse is also working and has his/her own preferred job location. If this locational conflict is not fully expected before marriage, joint location becomes less possible and marital stability is endangered. In this study I use occupation mobility as the proxy for the uncertainty of future occupation migration. Occupation mobility is measured as the fraction of workers in an occupation who have moved across state lines during the five years prior to the year of U.S. Census report. The dissertation consists of three parts: a study on migration and earning outcomes using cross-sectional data from the 5% Public-Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) of Census 2000, an analysis of marital status based on the same data from Census 2000, and a study on marital stability using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and three rounds of Census: 1980, 1990 and 2000.

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