Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-6-2017

Publication Title

Optics Express

ISSN

1094-4087

Volume

25

Issue

3

First Page

1656

Last Page

1665

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.25.001656

PubMed ID

29519020

Abstract

Multimode fibers can guide thousands of modes capable of delivering spatial information. Unfortunately, mode dispersion and coupling have so far prevented their use in endoscopic applications. To address this long-lasting challenge, we present a robust scanning fluorescence endoscope. A spatial light modulator shapes the input excitation wavefront to focus light on the distal tip of the fiber and to rapidly scan the focus over the region of interest. A detector array collects the fluorescence emission propagated back from the sample to the proximal tip of the fiber. We demonstrate that proper selection of the multimode fiber is critical for a robust calibration and for high signal-to-background ratio performance. We compare different types of multimode fibers and experimentally show that a focus created through a graded-index fiber can withstand a few millimeters of fiber distal tip translation. The resulting scanning endoscopic microscope images fluorescent samples over a field of view of 80µm with a resolution of 2µm.

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