Intra- and interspecific interactions can be broken down into facilitative and competitive components. The net interaction between two organisms is simply the sum of these counteracting elements. Disentangling the positive and negative components of species interactions is a critical step in advancing our understanding of how the interaction between organisms shift along physical and biotic gradients. We performed a manipulative field experiment to quantify the positive and negative components of the interactions between a perennial forb,
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Bruno, John F; Rand, Tatyana A; Emery, Nancy C; and Bertness, Mark D, "Facilitative and competitive interaction components among New England salt marsh plants." (2017). Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Faculty Contributions. 38.