Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

First Advisor

Yunping Xi

Second Advisor

Ross Corotis

Third Advisor

Mija Hubler

Fourth Advisor

Wil Srubar

Fifth Advisor

Dan Frangopol


Modeling of Multi-Layered Protection Systems for Chloride Penetration in Concrete Bridge Decks.

This paper covers the development of a new methodology for predicting the chloride concentration and corrosion initiation times for a multi-layer protection overlay system.

The first topic will be presenting an innovative method to predict the chloride concentrations using different diffusion coefficients for each protective layer. The new method covers the cases where the applied surface chloride concentrations are either a constant or linear functions with time.

The second topic will implement the results from field data about the chloride variations due to the presence of applied topical layers for comparison with the theoretical models. This section will also apply damage factors that are time-dependent to simulate external factors such as traffic loading or vibrations.

The third topic will investigate the sensitivity of the single and multi-layer systems due to diffusivity parameter changes.

The fourth topic will analyze the random variation of the diffusivity values to predict the mean and standard deviation of chloride concentrations. The diffusivity values are selected from published values by NIST and are based on certain water cement (w/c) ratios.