Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2013

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

First Advisor

Abbie Liel

Second Advisor

John McCartney

Abstract

Earthquakes are one of the most destructive natural hazards. A large moment magnitude earthquake may last only a few seconds, but leave communities and economies recovering for decades or longer after its occurrence. A movement toward seismically resistant design began to emerge in the early 20th century, NEHRP’s Provisions today currently governing conventional seismic resistant design. These provisions, though they ensure the life-safety of building occupants, extensive damage and economic losses may still occur in the structures. This minimum performance can be enhanced using the Performance-Based Earthquake Engineering methodology and passive control systems like base isolations and energy dissipation systems. It has been shown that, with an enhanced performance, the cost of damage repair, loss of lives, and building downtime are reduced.

Even though these technologies and the PBEE methodology are effective reducing economic losses and fatalities during earthquakes, getting them implemented into seismic resistant design has been challenging. One of the many barriers to their implementation has been their upfront costs. The green building community has faced some of the same challenges that the high performance seismic design community currently faces. Even with all the many market barriers that green development has faced since its inception, the industry has seen an exponential growth in the number of LEED building registrations.

The goal of this thesis is to draw on the success of the green building industry to provide recommendations that may be used overcome the barriers that high performance seismic design (HPSD) is currently facing. The assumption is, since the solutions used to diffuse the innovation of the high performance green buildings have been shown as effective, and since both industries face the similar implementation barriers, if these solutions have worked for the green industry, they may work for the earthquake community as well.

Included in

Engineering Commons

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