New Journal of Physics
Transformation media theory, which steers waves in solids via an effective geometry induced by a refractive material (Fermat's principle of least action), provides a means of controlling vibrations and elastic waves beyond the traditional dissipative structures regime. In particular, it could be used to create an elastic wave cloak, shielding an interior region against elastic waves while simultaneously preventing scattering in the outside domain. However, as a true elastic wave cloak would generally require materials with stiffness tensors lacking the minor symmetry (implying asymmetric stress), the utility of such an elastic wave cloak has thus far been limited by the challenge of fabricating these materials. Here we develop a means of overcoming this limitation via the development of a symmetrized elastic cloak (SEC), sacrificing some of the performance of the perfect cloak for the sake of restoring the minor symmetry. We test the performance of the SEC for shielding a tunnel against seismic waves, showing that it can be used to reduce the average displacement within the tunnel by an order of magnitude (and reduce energy by two orders of magnitude) for waves above a critical frequency of the cloak. This critical frequency, which corresponds to the generation of surface waves at the cloak-interior interface, can be used to develop a simple heuristic model of the SEC's performance for a generic problem.
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Sklan, Sophia R; Park, Ronald Y.S.; and Li, Baowen, "Seismic invisibility: elastic wave cloaking via symmetrized transformation media" (2018). Civil Engineering Faculty Contributions. 29.