Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
With large volumes of geo-tagged data collected in various applications, spatial query pro- cessing becomes essential. Query engines depend on efficient indexes to expedite processing. There are three main challenges: scaling out to accommodate large volumes of spatial data, support- ing transactional primitives for strong consistency guarantees, and adapting to highly dynamic workloads. This thesis proposes a paradigm for scalable, transactional, and efficient spatial indexes to significantly reduce development efforts in designing and comparing multiple spatial indexes.
This thesis first introduces a distributed and transactional key value store called DTranx to persist the spatial indexes. DTranx follows the SEDA architecture to exploit high concurrency in multi-core environments and it adopts a hybrid of optimistic concurrency control and two-phase commit protocols to narrow down the critical sections of distributed locking during transaction com- mits. Moreover, DTranx integrates a persistent memory based write-ahead log to reduce durability overhead and combines a garbage collection mechanism without affecting normal transactions. To maintain high throughput for search workloads when databases are constantly updated, snapshot transactions are introduced.
Then, a paradigm is presented with a set of intuitive APIs and a Mempool runtime to re- duce development efforts. Mempool transparently synchronizes local states of data structures with DTranx and it handles two critical tasks: address translation and transparent server synchroniza- tion, of which the latter includes transaction construction and data synchronization. Furthermore, a dynamic partitioning strategy is integrated into DTranx to generate partitioning and replication plans that reduce inter-server communications and balance resource usage.
Lastly, single-threaded data structures BTree and RTree are converted into distributed versions within two weeks. The BTree and RTree achieve 253.07 kops/sec and 77.83 kops/sec through- put respectively for pure search operations in a 25-server cluster.
Gao, Ning, "A Paradigm for Scalable, Transactional, and Efficient Spatial Indexes" (2018). Computer Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations. 173.