Editors

Xiaobei Zhang

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2016

Publication Title

Journal of Sensors

ISSN

1687-7268

Volume

2016

First Page

1

Last Page

17

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1693460

Abstract

Biologists and ecologists often monitor the spread of disease among deer in the wild by using tracking systems that record their movement patterns, locations, and interaction behavior. The existing commercial systems for monitoring wild deer utilize collars with GPS sensors, deployed on captured and rereleased deer. The GPS sensors record location data every few hours, enabling researchers to approximate the interaction behavior of tracked deer with their GPS locations. However, the coarse granularity of periodically recorded GPS location data provides only limited precision for determining deer interaction behavior. We have designed a novel system to monitor wild deer interaction behavior more precisely in harsh wilderness environments. Our system combines the functionalities of both GPS and RF-radio sensors with low-cost and minimal-resource motes. We designed and built our system to be able to operate robustly for a period of up to several months for continual tracking and monitoring of the locations and interaction behaviors of wild deer in harsh environments. We successfully deployed six deer collars on six wild deer that were captured and rereleased in the Soapstone Prairie Natural Area of northern Colorado over a one-month period. In this paper, we describe how we designed and built this system and evaluate its successful operation in a wilderness area.

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AUTHORS

Junho Ahn (Department of Computer Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA) Akshay Mysore (Department of Computer Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA) Kati Zybko (Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Department of Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA) Caroline Krumm (Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Department of Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA) Sravan Thokala (Department of Computer Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA) Xinyu Xing (Georgia Institute of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Atlanta, GA, USA) Ming Lian (Department of Computer Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA) Richard Han (Department of Computer Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA) Shivakant Mishra (Department of Computer Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA) Thompson Hobbs (Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Department of Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA)

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