Colorado Research in Linguistics

Article Title

'To Be' in Russian

Document Type

Working Paper


The Russian verb bytˈ 'to be' has different functions in different constructions. It is argued that it therefore represents several different verbs. A number of tests applied to sentences containing bytˈ show that there are four such verbs: a tense marker, which is a surface structure insert, and three deep, or deeper, surface inserts: the copula, the form that links the subject with an adverb, and the true verb.

Included in

Linguistics Commons