Undergraduate Honors Thesis


The Impact of Childbearing on the Gender Income Gap:Summary Public Deposited

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  • In this paper, I will establish a model to explore the impact of fertility on income in the United States and explore the differences between men and women in this impact. I will also examine how childbirth affects the gender income gap, and whether the gender income gap changes with the age of the child. If the gender income gap changes with age, how does it change? What does marriage mean for women and men with children? I select NLSY79 data to analyze and establish regression models. I hope that through this research, I can better explore the status of women in the family and workplace, and discover the influence of child-rearing on women and men, so as to help us to dig into the root cause of the gender income gap. The results show that having children influences the incomes of both men and women. The overall penalty for women having children is much greater than for men, and having children will lead to a wider gender gap. According to the regression results, married men earn more when they have children, while married women earn less when they have children. I also found that having children had a greater impact on married women because they were more likely to stop working. The gender gap widens after having children but then stabilizes. The gender income gap is widest between the child ages of three and five, and then gets smaller, but the gender income gap doesn't disappear as children get older.

Date Awarded
  • 2022-04-05
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Last Modified
  • 2022-04-12
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