Measuring Electric Fields from Surface Contaminants with Neutral Atoms Public Deposited
  • In this paper we demonstrate a technique of utilizing magnetically trapped neutral ⁸⁷Rb atoms to measure the magnitude and direction of stray electric fields emanating from surface contaminants. We apply an alternating external electric field that adds to (or subtracts from) the stray field in such a way as to resonantly drive the trapped atoms into a mechanical dipole oscillation. The growth rate of the oscillation’s amplitude provides information about the magnitude and sign of the stray field gradient. Using this measurement technique, we are able to reconstruct the vector electric field produced by surface contaminants. In addition, we can accurately measure the electric fields generated from adsorbed atoms purposely placed onto the surface and account for their systematic effects, which can plague a precision surface-force measurement. We show that baking the substrate can reduce the electric fields emanating from adsorbate and that the mechanism for reduction is likely surface diffusion, not desorption.
Date Issued
  • 2007-06-19
Academic Affiliation
Journal Title
Journal Issue/Number
  • 6
Journal Volume
  • 75
File Extent
  • 062903-1-062903-7
Last Modified
  • 2019-12-05
Resource Type
Rights Statement
  • 10.1103/PhysRevA.75.062903
  • 1050-2947