Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-11-2018

Publication Title

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

ISSN

1680-7324

Volume

18

Issue

7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-4935-2018

Abstract

The Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) is an international global network of more than 90 stations making high-quality measurements of atmospheric composition that began official operations in 1991 after 5 years of planning. Apart from sonde measurements, all measurements in the network are performed by ground-based remote-sensing techniques. Originally named the Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change (NDSC), the name of the network was changed to NDACC in 2005 to better reflect the expanded scope of its measurements. The primary goal of NDACC is to establish long-term databases for detecting changes and trends in the chemical and physical state of the atmosphere (mesosphere, stratosphere, and troposphere) and to assess the coupling of such changes with climate and air quality. NDACC's origins, station locations, organizational structure, and data archiving are described. NDACC is structured around categories of ground-based observational techniques (sonde, lidar, microwave radiometers, Fourier-transform infrared, UV-visible DOAS (differential optical absorption spectroscopy)-type, and Dobson–Brewer spectrometers, as well as spectral UV radiometers), timely cross-cutting themes (ozone, water vapour, measurement strategies, cross-network data integration), satellite measurement systems, and theory and analyses. Participation in NDACC requires compliance with strict measurement and data protocols to ensure that the network data are of high and consistent quality. To widen its scope, NDACC has established formal collaborative agreements with eight other cooperating networks and Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW). A brief history is provided, major accomplishments of NDACC during its first 25 years of operation are reviewed, and a forward-looking perspective is presented.

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AUTHORS

M. De Mazière (Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB), Brussels, 1180, Belgium) A. M. Thompson (NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, Earth Sciences Division, Greenbelt, MD 20771-0001, USA) M. J. Kurylo (Universities Space Research Association, Goddard Earth Science, Technology and Research, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771-0001, USA) J. D. Wild (INNOVIM, LLC,Greenbelt, MD; Climate Prediction Center, NOAA Center for Weather and Climate Prediction, College Park, MD 20740, USA) G. Bernhard (Biospherical Instruments, Inc., San Diego, CA 92110-2621, USA) T. Blumenstock (Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research (IMK), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT),76021 Karlsruhe, Germany) G. O. Braathen (Atmospheric Environment Research Division, Research Department, World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Geneva, Switzerland) J. W. Hannigan (Atmospheric Chemistry Observations and Modeling, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80305-5602, USA) J.-C. Lambert (Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB), Brussels, 1180, Belgium) T. Leblanc (Table Mountain Facility, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Wrightwood, CA 92397-0367, USA) T. J. McGee (NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, Earth Sciences Division, Greenbelt, MD 20771-0001, USA) G. Nedoluha (Remote Sensing Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375-5351,USA) I. Petropavlovskikh (NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Global Monitoring Division, Boulder, CO 80305-3328, USA) G. Seckmeyer (Institute for Meteorology and Climatology, University of Hannover, 30419 Hannover, Germany) P. C. Simon (Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB), Brussels, 1180, Belgium) W. Steinbrecht (Deutscher Wetterdienst, Meteorologisches Observatorium, 82383 Hohenpeissenberg, Germany) S. E. Strahan (Universities Space Research Association, Goddard Earth Science, Technology and Research, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771-0001, USA)

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

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