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Earth System Science Data









Small changes in the radiation budget at the earth's surface can lead to large climatological responses when persistent over time. With the increasing debate on anthropogenic influences on climatic processes during the 1980s the need for accurate radiometric measurements with higher temporal resolution was identified, and it was determined that the existing measurement networks did not have the resolution or accuracy required to meet this need. In 1988 the WMO therefore proposed the establishment of a new international Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN), which should collect and centrally archive high-quality ground-based radiation measurements in 1 min resolution. BSRN began its work in 1992 with 9 stations; currently (status 2018-01-01), the network comprises 59 stations (delivering data to the archive) and 9 candidates (stations recently accepted into the network with data forthcoming to the archive) distributed over all continents and oceanic environments. The BSRN database is the World Radiation Monitoring Center (WRMC). It is hosted at the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) in Bremerhaven, Germany, and now offers more than 10 300 months of data from the years 1992 to 2017. All data are available at free of charge.


Amelie Driemel1, John Augustine2, Klaus Behrens3,27, Sergio Colle4, Christopher Cox5, Emilio Cuevas-Agulló6, Fred M. Denn7, Thierry Duprat8, Masato Fukuda9, Hannes Grobe1, Martial Haeffelin10, Gary Hodges11, Nicole Hyett12, Osamu Ijima9, Ain Kallis13, Wouter Knap14, Vasilii Kustov15, Charles N. Long2, David Longenecker2,*, Angelo Lupi16, Marion Maturilli17, Mohamed Mimouni18,*, Lucky Ntsangwane19, Hiroyuki Ogihara9, Xabier Olano20, Marc Olefs21, Masao Omori9, Lance Passamani12, Enio Bueno Pereira22, Holger Schmithüsen1, Stefanie Schumacher1, Rainer Sieger1,†, Jonathan Tamlyn23,*, Roland Vogt24, Laurent Vuilleumier25, Xiangao Xia26, Atsumu Ohmura27,*, and Gert König-Langlo1,*

1Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Bremerhaven, Germany
2NOAA ESRL Global Monitoring Division, Boulder, CO, USA
3Deutscher Wetterdienst, Meteorologisches Observatorium Lindenberg – Richard-Aßmann-Observatorium, Tauche, Germany
4Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brasil
5CIRES/NOAA ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder, CO, USA
6Izaña Atmospheric Research Center (AEMET), Tenerife, Spain
7Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham, USA
8Meteo France, Carpentras, France
9Japan Meteorological Agency, Tokyo, Japan
10Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, Paris, France
11CIRES, University of Colorado Boulder, CO, USA
12Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Australia
13Estonian Environment Agency, Tõravere, Estonia
14Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, the Netherlands
15Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
16Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council of Italy, Bologna, Italy
17Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Potsdam, Germany
18Office National de la Météorologie, Algiers, Algeria
19South African Weather Service, Pretoria, South Africa
20National Renewable Energy Centre, Sarriguren, Spain
21ZAMG – Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik, Vienna, Austria
22Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São José dos Campos, Brasil
23Met Office, Exeter, Devon, UK
24Meteorology Climatology and Remote Sensing, Department Environmental Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
25Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss, Payerne, Switzerland
26LAGEO, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
27Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.