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Geoscientific Model Development









This paper describes ESM-SnowMIP, an international coordinated modelling effort to evaluate current snow schemes, including snow schemes that are included in Earth system models, in a wide variety of settings against local and global observations. The project aims to identify crucial processes and characteristics that need to be improved in snow models in the context of local- and global-scale modelling. A further objective of ESM-SnowMIP is to better quantify snow-related feedbacks in the Earth system. Although it is not part of the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6), ESM-SnowMIP is tightly linked to the CMIP6-endorsed Land Surface, Snow and Soil Moisture Model Intercomparison (LS3MIP).


Gerhard Krinner1, Chris Derksen2, Richard Essery3, Mark Flanner4, Stefan Hagemann5, Martyn Clark6, Alex Hall7, Helmut Rott8, Claire Brutel-Vuilmet1, Hyungjun Kim9, Cécile B. Ménard3, Lawrence Mudryk2, Chad Thackeray7, Libo Wang2, Gabriele Arduini10, Gianpaolo Balsamo10, Paul Bartlett2, Julia Boike11,12, Aaron Boone13, Frédérique Chéruy14, Jeanne Colin13, Matthias Cuntz15, Yongjiu Dai16, Bertrand Decharme13, Jeff Derry17, Agnès Ducharne18, Emanuel Dutra19, Xing Fang20, Charles Fierz21, Josephine Ghattas22, Yeugeniy Gusev23, Vanessa Haverd24, Anna Kontu25, Matthieu Lafaysse26, Rachel Law27, Dave Lawrence28, Weiping Li29, Thomas Marke30, Danny Marks31, Martin Ménégoz1, Olga Nasonova23, Tomoko Nitta9, Masashi Niwano32, John Pomeroy20, Mark S. Raleigh33, Gerd Schaedler34, Vladimir Semenov35, Tanya G. Smirnova33, Tobias Stacke36, Ulrich Strasser30, Sean Svenson35, Dmitry Turkov37, Tao Wang38, Nander Wever21,39,40, Hua Yuan16, Wenyan Zhou29, and Dan Zhu41

1CNRS, Université Grenoble Alpes, Institut de Géosciences de l'Environnement (IGE), 38000 Grenoble, France
2Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change, Toronto, Canada
3School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3FF, UK
4Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Michigan 48109, USA
5Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany
6Hydrometeorological Applications Program, Research Applications Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, USA
7Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California
8ENVEO – Environmental Earth Observation IT GmbH, Innsbruck , Austria
9Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
10European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), Reading, UK
11Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany
12Department of Geography, Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany
13CNRM, Université de Toulouse, Météo-France, CNRS, Toulouse, France
14LMD-IPSL, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Pierre et Marie-Curie, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, France
15INRA, Université de Lorraine, AgroParisTech, UMR Silva, 54000 Nancy, France
16School of Atmospheric Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
17Center for Snow and Avalanche Studies, Siverton, CO, USA
18Sorbonne Universités, UMR 7619 METIS, UPMC/CNRS/EPHE, Paris, France
19Instituto Dom Luiz, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
20Centre for Hydrology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
21WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, Davos, Switzerland
22Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), UPMC, 75252 Paris, France
23Institute of Water Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
24CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Canberra, ACT, Australia
25Space and Earth Observation Centre, Finnish Meteorological Institute, 99600 Sodankylä, Finland
26Grenoble Alpes, Université de Toulouse, Météo-France, CNRS, CNRM, Centre d'Etudes de la Neige, Grenoble, France
27CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Aspendale, Victoria, Australia
28National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA
29National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China
30Department of Geography, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
31USDA Agricultural Research Service, Boise, ID, USA
32Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency, Tsukuba, Japan
33Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science/Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA, Boulder, CO, USA
34Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
35A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
36Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany
37Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
38Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology and Biodiversity, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
39Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA
40Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
41Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, CEA, CNRS, UVSQ, Gif Sur Yvette, France

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.