Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2013

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Art & Art History

First Advisor

Kira van Lil

Second Advisor

Kirk Ambrose

Third Advisor

Marilyn Brown


Phyllis Hutchinson Montrose (b. 1928) is a Colorado-based Surrealistic artist who relies upon her dreams and spiritual experiences to fuel her work. While there are varying opinions on when or if the Surrealist movement ended in the mid-twentieth century, Colorado is not typically considered to be a Surrealist or Post-Surrealist center; thus Montrose eludes placement in the traditional art historical canon. Her declaration that she is a true Surrealist raises many issues pertaining to women in Surrealism, modern art in the American West, and the relevance of non-major art in art history. I analyze scholarship across the fields of Surrealism and Post-Surrealism, Regionalism and Post-Regionalism, American Western history, spirituality in the West, women's studies, and the Deleuze-Guattarian theory of the minor. Using Montrose's art and life as a catalyst, I argue that it is time to consider a new discourse that no longer ignores art that falls outside of the historical canon. This acknowledgment creates a more complete picture of art history.