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Recordings produced by colleges and universities during the course of their daily business are a valuable record of scholarship to which libraries may wish to provide online access, but the use of those recordings is mired in very complicated copyright questions. The paper examines laws affecting institutional recordings’ copyright, including copyright ownership, fair use, compulsory licensing, with the goal of providing some clarity to librarians wishing to make use of their institutional recordings. Because of the vague, and often contradictory nature of the law, the paper offers few hard-and-fast rules; however, it does attempt to draw out areas of very low risk, with the conclusion that most institutions should be able to make some use of some of their institutional recordings under even the most conservative of interpretations.