Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2015

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Spanish & Portuguese

First Advisor

Nina Molinaro

Second Advisor

Javier Krauel

Third Advisor

Asuncion Horno-Delgado

Fourth Advisor

Julio Baena

Fifth Advisor

Robert Ferry

Abstract

Globalization and the phenomenon of widespread immigration have changed the ways communities and feelings of belonging are conceived. This dissertation analyzes Spanish literature's portrayal of how immigration has affected Spanish society as it becomes the subject of a process of transnationalization in the European framework and as recipient of a large number of immigrants during the decade of 1990s.

Based on the critical theory on globalization and migration delivered by Néstor García Canclini and Iain Chambers, this research focuses on the study of the ways immigration is perceived by several Spanish mediating literary characters and how they describe their developing hybrid communities. For this purpose we have selected three texts entitled El techo del mundo/Le toit du monde (1998) by Felipe Vega y Julio Llamazares, Por la vía de Tarifa (2000) by Nieves García Benito and Los novios búlgaros (1993) by Eduardo Mendicutti. All of them contribute a new transnational glance that allows us to reconsider physical territories, social spaces and citizenship based on an alternative perspective that transcends our inherited national framework of knowledge. We base our argumentation on the belief that since the arrival of democracy, Spain has been influenced by the presence of several "factors of postnationality" that have accentuated the crisis of the national framework derived from globalization and that have opened up symbolic spaces on which a new postnational paradigm is based. Los límites de la herencia explores the discourses and tropes through which new transnational communities are portrayed along the parallel process of such denationalization of social imaginaries in Spain.

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