Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2011

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Physics

First Advisor

Raymond W. Simmonds

Second Advisor

Charles Rogers

Third Advisor

Kent Irwin

Abstract

This thesis presents a detailed investigation of coherent tunable coupling between two coupled quantum circuits. Quantum circuits have the potential to be used as the fundamental building blocks in quantum processors. Any large scale quantum processor will be composed of a large number of these coupled circuits. The efficient implementation of quantum algorithms will be difficult without a reliable mechanism for controlling the interaction strength between coupled systems, while preserving the delicate quantum information stored in the coherent superpositions of quantum states. We show that a flux-biased rf-SQUID can be used to coherently mediate the interaction between two coupled quantum circuits, a phase qubit and LC resonator. This interaction results from an effective mutual inductance between the qubit and resonator as a result of their direct coupling to the rf-SQUID. The sign and magnitude of this effective mutual inductance can be tuned with applied flux to the rf-SQUID, thus controlling the coupled interactions over a large range. We observe the modulation in coupling strength using measurements in both the frequency and time domains. The measurements are shown to agree well with theoretical predictions. This thesis discusses all aspects of the experiments from a theoretical description of each component to the design, fabrication, experimental setup and measurements.

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