Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2011

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Physics

First Advisor

Dana Z Anderson

Second Advisor

James K Thompson

Third Advisor

Eric A Cornell

Abstract

Ultracold matter has tremendous potential for applications in the fields of quantum computing, atomic clocks, precision magnetometery, and inertial navigation. In order for these applications to be successfully realized it is necessary to develop both a high level understanding of the underlying physics and instrumentation to enable the execution of the devices. The instrumentation aspect falls into two categories: the physical apparatus and the tools and techniques for implementing the devices.

This dissertation describes the technical and scientific development of instrumentation for ultracold atoms. We first present our work on compact apparatus for atom-chip based BEC production with particular emphasis on vacuum chambers and opto-mechanical systems for portable applications. We present the development of atom chip technology, both generally and specifically pertaining to the emerging field of atomtronics. Finally we present the implementation and preliminary experiments of an apparatus made for experiments with the ultimate goal of demonstrating an atom transistor.

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