Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2016

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Physics

First Advisor

Raymond Simmonds

Second Advisor

John Price

Third Advisor

Murray Holland

Fourth Advisor

Charles Rogers

Fifth Advisor

Alan Mickelson

Abstract

The research reported here details experimental progress toward future superconductor-based quantum computing technologies. Specifically, we present techniques for moving quantum information between various cavity resonators -- spatially as well as between frequencies. Rather than using traditional resonant coupling though, we induce non-resonant coupling through parametric frequency conversion. This technology is mediated by chip-based, micro-fabricated, Josephson Junction circuits.

Parametric processes have the advantage over traditional coupling by allowing the constituents of the system -- for example: cavity modes or qubits -- to remain fixed in frequency, tuned to their optimal operation frequency, thereby avoiding unwanted resonant interactions. As the number of constituents grows -- as quantum computing architectures expand to more and more bits -- these techniques will become necessary to optimize performance.

Outside of the focus on quantum computation, these techniques have wide application for materials research, quantum optics, and extending traditionally optical-frequency experiments to microwave-frequencies. To that end, we demonstrate a hybrid quantum technology which expands the toolbox of superconducting quantum information to a new system, namely sapphire whispering gallery mode resonators. These resonators have been studied in the optical frequency domain, but here we demonstrate their usefulness at microwave frequencies.

All of the experiments in this dissertation should be considered proof-of-principle demonstrations of a future technology. Thus, we note when and where improvements for future devices will be necessary.

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Physics Commons

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