Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Physics

First Advisor

Steven Pollock

Second Advisor

Dmitry Reznik

Third Advisor

Markus Raschke

Abstract

The structure of tantalum disulfide at various temperatures was investigated through vibrational mode analysis using Raman scattering. Incident and scattered light was analyzed through polarization in order to decompose broadened features, allowing for the characterization of individual mode behavior. Temperature dependence of the vibrational modes in the region surrounding the nearly-commensurate to commensurate charge density wave phase transition shows strong hysteretic behavior. The widely-referenced macroscopic resistivity measurements, used in determining the charge density wave phase transition, have a different hysteresis. The resistivity displays sharp discontinuities at the phase transition whereas local vibrational mode measurements display a continuous evolution. The hysteresis of the vibrational modes extends over a significantly larger range than that of the resistivity. I conclude that tantalum disulfide has inhomogeneous, local structure on the microscopic scale.

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