Physical Review A
We characterize several equilibrium vortex effects in a rotating Bose-Einstein condensate. Specifically we attempt precision measurements of the vortex-lattice spacing and vortex-core size over a range of condensate densities and rotation rates. These measurements are supplemented by numerical simulations, and both experimental and numerical data are compared to theory. Finally, we study the effect of the centrifugal weakening of the trapping spring constants on the critical temperature for quantum degeneracy and the effects of finite temperature on vortex contrast.
Coddington, I.; Haljan, P. C.; Engels, Peter; Schweikhard, Volker; Tung, Shihkuang; and Cornell, Eric A., "Experimental Studies of Equilibrium Vortex Properties in a Bose-Condensed Gas" (2004). Physics Faculty Contributions. 26.