Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2011

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Electrical, Computer & Energy Engineering

First Advisor

Dragan Maksimovic

Second Advisor

Regan Zane

Third Advisor

Benjamin Kroposki

Abstract

A methodology is proposed and executed to characterize and model inverters for grid integration studies using Power Hardware-in-the-Loop. A Hardware-in-the-Loop system is configured using a Real-Time Data System (RTDS), grid simulator, load bank, photovoltaic inverter and bus system. A characterization scheme is developed on the RTDS that is based on the abnormal grid conditions and tests outlined in IEEE 1547 Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems. The RTDS is then used to control both the grid simulator and load bank. It was found that it is possible to characterize the inverter’s grid protection controller’s response to abnormal voltage, abnormal frequency and islanding conditions without prior knowledge of intimate control algorithms or hardware configuration.

A model of the system was then created in Matlab Simulink using the data obtained from the characterization process. The inverter is modeled on a high level as a controlled current source and a controller for the inverter model is developed such that the detection and response to the stated abnormal grid conditions of the model directly mimics that of the actual inverter.

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